Friday, February 9, 2018

A Hand of Knaves - Author List Released

Leife and I have worked for several months to cull the list of fantastic submissions down to nineteen of our favourites for A Hand of Knaves. There are some really fantastic stories in our bucket and it was great to finally put the author's names to their writing (as the reading for CSFG anthologies is done blind).

I've been abroad of late and while I was away the CSFG released the list of stories and authors so I'd like to belatedly congratulate the successful writers, and let those who didn't make the cut know that we had a wealth of excellent stories to choose from so don't be too disappointed.

Our list of authors/stories is as follows:

  • Eugen Bacon, Ace Zone
  • Amy Brown, A Tale Of The Marriage Of Gawain
  • David Coleman, Immortal, Coiled
  • Tom Dullemond, The Killblaine Legacy
  • Maureen Flynn, Gardening Through the Danse Macabre
  • Rebecca Fraser, The Pedlar
  • Isobel Johnstone, The Apothecary’s Apprentice
  • Grace Maslin, A Question Of Identity
  • Chris McGrane, Trojan Thoughts
  • Claire McKenna, The One Who Walks The Permanent Way
  • Cassandra Page, The Best Heist Yet
  • CH Pearce, The Last Magicians of Sad Hill
  • Simon Petrie & Edwina Harvey, On the Consequences of Clinically-Inhibited Maturation in the Common Sydney Octopus
  • Louise Pieper, A Widow’s Worth
  • Robert Porteous, A Fair Wind Off Baracoa
  • Charlotte Sophia, Stardust
  • HK Stubbs, Lost Property
  • David Versace, A Moment’s Peace
  • Angus Yeates, Anchor Point

  • While I was away I was editing on the road and with Leife pushing me (in the nicest way) from Australia we have completed first round edits. I'm clearly biased but I also feel completely confident in saying that A Hand of Knaves will be an excellent anthology and I'm pretty sure I speak for both of us when I say we can't wait to share these tales of space piracy, magical slight of hand, necromancy, dangerous school girls, Ned Kelly-esque legends, assassins-in-training, vengeful hackers and so much more...

    Monday, December 11, 2017

    Knaves Submission Window Closed and Reading Complete

    It's Done! Submissions are in and Leife and I have read them all. Every single one. There were a good number of entries given that the call was limited to Aussie spec-fic writers and there were some fantastic stories.

    I was truly amazed at the breadth of interpretation of the topic, with some writers really pushing the brief while still meeting the criteria and creating inventive material.

    Now it's time for Leife and I to don our gladiatorial armour and enter the ring to fight for our fave stories Hulk vs Thor-style.

    It's gonna be one helluva smackdown.

    Also, the crowd-funding campaign to raise some extra script to pay our long-suffering authors is up and running. The CSFG's anthologies are a significant part of the Aussie spec-fic writing landscape so please, please, please consider contributing, keeping in mind it's a not-for-profit organisation.

    Visit the Indiegogo campaign here:

    We need your help!

    Friday, October 20, 2017

    A Hand of Kanves - Submissions closing soon!

    If you're an Aussie writer and you haven't yet submitted your most knavish story to the CSFG's newest anthology, A Hand of Knaves, THEN GET ON IT!


    Tuesday, August 1, 2017

    A Hand of Knaves Submissions Open!

    Submissions for A Hand of Knaves - a new anthology from CSFG Publishing - ARE OPEN!!

    The editorial team has already put in a lot of effort to ensure this will be a great anthology, and just look at the card art already completed by award-winning artist Shauna O'Meara.

    Head over to the CSFG Publishing site to find all the details and once you've read the guidelines, submit to

    Leife and I are ready to read your fantastic stories!

    Wednesday, June 28, 2017

    A Hand of Knaves - A New Anthology from the CSFG

    Rogues are my all-time favourite characters, be it in books, movies, videogames, or tabletop RPGs (yes, I was the asshole thief who stole your Ring of Featherfall while you slept and didn't say a word as you jumped off that cliff thinking you'd be fine) and thanks to CSFG Publishing I now get the opportunity to co-edit an anthology of stories entitled A Hand of Knaves - which will be 100% about thieves, scoundrels and asshole rogues! So as you can probably guess, I'm stoked the CSFG committee decided to run with our pitch.

    In even better news, my co-editor is the unstoppable Leife Shallcross, who apparently doesn't have the word sleep in her vocabulary as she edits her upcoming novel The Beast's Heart, completes her second novel (which I've read and which is absolutely amazing), helps out with Conflux, as well as fulfilling her day job and doing all her other lifey things.

    We are super-excited for this and make no mistake, we both love the concept and want to produce the best anthology our all-Aussie spec-fic writing family can muster.

    If you haven't read anything from previous CSFG anthologies, we want to see sci fi, fantasy and horror from established, upcoming, and brand new Australian writers. The idea is to showcase what we're capable of down here in the oft-forgot Antipodes. The pay is modest ($30 and 2 copies of the anthology) but writers will be paid, and if we hit our goals with our Kickstarter, they will be paid more.

    We have a blind submissions policy, so we won't know which submission is from whom. Stories will be selected on merit and on how well they hit the brief. So if you're thinking of submitting - make sure you hit the brief. And I mean really nail it to the wall. Break our hearts to win our hearts.

    In order to hit the brief dead centre, head over to the CSFG Publishing page and read it all - including the section on formatting.

    Australia has a strong roguish heritage. While stories don't need to be set here - or reference Australia in any way - let's play to our strengths and channel that Highwayman spirit.

    Wednesday, May 17, 2017


    This anthology launches today, and I'm very happy to be a part of it. Behind the Mask is getting some great press around the place and I have high hopes that people will really love the book in its entirety.

    I'll also point out that for the first time ever I made the cut as one of the named authors on the back, instead of being lumped into "and others..." (see below). A small thing perhaps but YESSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS!!!! *fist pumps*

    And yes, I'm not blind. I can see that all the authors are named on the back, and rightly so because everyone did a bloody marvellous job.

    Tuesday, May 9, 2017

    Flies in the Soup - Jennifer Fallon Pt1

    With twenty three novels under her belt, including the recently released The Lyre Thief, Jennifer Fallon is one of Australia’s best-loved fantasy authors. After moving to New Zealand one might be forgiven for thinking she’d switched to the slow-lane. Nothing could be further from the truth. Between her day job as an IT consultant to Antarctica New Zealand, her writing, the Christchurch earthquakes, and working on her porn name, Jennifer’s life has been anything dull. I had a few questions jotted down for her, but before I could even open my mouth she destroyed that idea completely…

    I used to write full time you know.

    You used to write full-time?

    Yeah, but the GFC came along and that was the end of that!

    The GFC has significantly affected the amount of money you earn from your writing?

    Oh absolutely! I’ve lost probably fifty to sixty percent of my income. I was earning a comfortable wage, then the GFC came along and all the bookshops closed. I have 23 books in print, so no bookshop – except Amazon – stocks everything I’ve written. No one’s going to give Jennifer Fallon that much real estate on a limited shelf in a physical store. The big bookstores – Borders and the like – they stocked the whole range but they’re the ones that have closed down. Now people need to go to Amazon to find my work.

    So you’ve had to resume your day job. Do you still travel to Antarctica annually to work your IT magic down there?

    I may have had my last trip. I was working full-time for Antarctica New Zealand but I’ve just resigned to go contracting. I’ve offered to go down and do what I normally do at that time of year, but it remains to be seen. I’ve spent three months all up in Antarctica now and that’s not as a tourist. I’ve been to places tourists can never see. I’ve had experiences tourists will never get. But if I won the lottery today – and I’ve just bought a ticket – I’d probably go back to writing full-time.

    What’s probably had the biggest impact on writers like me is Harry Potter and Fifty Shades of Grey. Publishers all want that now. And if you haven’t achieved that kind of uptake in your first couple of books it’s like, “Oh well, moving right along…” They’re hoping every author is going to be the next E.L. James in terms of sales and it’s frustrating as a writer because there’s nothing you can do to influence that. It’s absolutely all in the hands of the publisher.

    I mean, I sell but I’m not George Martin, and it’s really frustrating because I’ll say, “What have I got to do to get out of this?” And they’ll say, “Oh well. Sell more books.” And I say, “If you printed more books, we could sell more books!” It’s the publisher’s risk-assessment department who decide how many books to print. It’s one of the great things about going electronic. Otherwise we’re just stuck with a very old model.

    [I sense a pause coming so I jump in to ask one of my pre-prepared questions] You don’t shy away from romance in your new book The Lyre Thief. In fact you embrace it—

    That is one thing that I really hate.


    Writing romance.


    I do. I really do. I hate it. I hate being thought of as a romance writer. I hate writing it. It was the hardest part of this book. I didn’t set out to write a romance and I get annoyed with gratuitous romance but it was another complication for my characters. If some of the characters had not been lying to one another, they would have had a much better chance of making things work out. In future books, when those lies become entrenched, it will be even harder for some of these relationships to be resolved. It just added that extra level of complexity.

    Of the two sisters in The Lyre Thief, Charisee is a romantic, whereas Rakaia is much more calculating. She’s not really in love. She’s out there having a good time, but she’s not in love with anybody.

    Rakaia’s not in love with Mica? [Who’s a romantic now?]

    You’ll find out in later books, but that relationship is really quite abusive. Mica’s a manipulator. Rakaia’s still in that first blush of love, but Mica has a power over her that’s not healthy, and in the same way that a battered wife becomes protective of herself, Rakaia needs to look out for what’s coming.

    Okay, so just to clarify, you don’t like being called a romance writer— but you have two first-time sexual encounters in this book…

    I don’t think I can avoid it after writing this book. It’ll be like, “You know that thing you told us about not being a romance writer? Well now you’ve doomed yourself!”

    But in this (fantasy) world I have to say, being a virgin is not a virtue in and of itself. Being a virgin is generally considered to be a pain in the arse. The women are trained by the court’esa, and lose their virginity very early on. The Fardohnyan mentality is that it’s perfectly legitimate to have a slave teach your daughter how to have sex because a slave is not a considered a person.

    That’s part of what makes the central device, the identity swap, work so well, because one sister is trained and one isn’t, when she really ought to be. So no, Rakaia isn’t in love and she has a very different view of sex than we might have. I love playing with the world and thinking “What would be the consequences of this or that?”

    Do you think there’s a greater acceptance of the work of female fantasy authors now than when you started out?

    To this day I wish I’d written under the name of John Fallon. I was writing a blog for someone today about demographics in writing, and I remembered in 2010 – the day of the earthquakes actually – I was in Melbourne at WorldCon and I did a book signing with George Martin. There were three of us in the room – me, some poor new author who only had one book out, and George Martin. The new guy’s book had only been out a week so he lasted two minutes before he got up and left. My line lasted for about forty-five minutes. George Martin’s line went out the door, and at the end of the hour it was still out the door. My line was 50 to 60 percent male. George’s was 90 percent male.

    It’s interesting that you brought up romance before because there’s always this assumption that female writers do romance. I don’t mind it if it advances the story and sometimes people do things because of human relationships rather than logic, and that has an effect on the story. But a story that’s just about romance? I don’t write about romance, but romance can be part of the story.

    A lot of people think that if you’re a female writer you must be writing some form of romance and I haven’t seen a change in that view. There’s a reason J.K. Rowling wrote as J.K., rather than Joanne Kathleen. She wrote a book about a little boy, and the publisher was worried that little boys wouldn’t read it if they thought a woman wrote it.

    But you write under a pseudonym as it is…

    There’s a story behind that too. My married name was Tonkin. The publishers loved that name because it put me next to Tolkien on a bookshelf. Then my marriage broke up and I went back to my maiden name because my ex-husband’s biggest contribution to my writing had been to tell me I should give up and be a better housewife because I was never going to get published. So I said: “There’s no way your name’s going on my book, buster!” But the publishers thought my maiden name was terribly boring.

    Then my teenage children told me how to work out my porn name, or the name I would have if I were a porn star. It was a combination of my first pet, and the first street I’d lived on. So my porn name was Mittens-Blake. Applying the highly scientific art of porn names, I wrote down all the streets I’d ever lived in. The first was Blake Street, obviously, but the second was Fallon Street and I thought, “Jennifer Fallon sounds nice!” Then it occurred to me that the two biggest selling Fantasy authors at the time were David Eddings and Raymond Feist. So if you went to the bookshop you’d see Eddings – Fallon – Feist.

    If I could go back now though, I think I’d call myself John Fallon or something androgynous, so that guys could convince themselves I wasn’t a girl and they weren’t really reading a romance. That was probably the biggest mistake I’ve made in my writing career. I mean Robin Hobb is a female writer who has done really well simply by spelling Robin the “boy” way.

    Other than that, I love what I do and it’s a fun job. It’s a bit hectic at the moment for reasons out of my control. There’s really no downside apart from the fact that I don’t have any time. You’ve got to understand that when I’m writing, nothing else gets done. I can either clean a house or meet a deadline but I can’t do both. In fact I’m at the point where I’m having to get a cleaner in. So long as I can earn more than I’m paying the cleaner hour by hour, then I’m financially ahead. That’s how I justify the expense to myself. It’s a thing known as “cognitive distortion”. It’s big in prisons. It’s how criminals justify their crimes to themselves. Also alcoholics, they use it too.

    One thing I took away from your new book was that it is a genuinely fun read, and it reads like you were having fun writing it.

    I reckon you can tell when an author is being tortured, when the story is being dragged out of them. I write best when I put my head down for two hours and then look up and go, “Oh, is that the time?” Not only does that show I’m enjoying myself, it also means that I’m writing naturally within the flow of the story. I’m not doubting that this is the way events are supposed to go. I mean, I’ve ditched 10,000 words in the past because they weren’t taking me where I wanted to go.

    So you mostly plot, but there’s a bit of free-styling going on.

    I have to plot because I need a synopsis to sell the book. I always know what the ending will be and I rarely deviate from that. How I get there isn’t so clear cut because as you build characters and they start to come to life you realise that the thing you were going to have that character do, they would never actually do. Or you realise it would be much more logical for them to do something else. You need to listen to yourself when that happens or you’ll have characters doing illogical things because it fits the plot. These new characters have been good fun in that respect. They came pretty easily.

    I think it shows. I really enjoyed it.

    Despite the fact it was a romance?

    Okay, there were a few key moments, but I wouldn’t categorise The Lyre Thief as a romance by any stretch.

    I think the most common reaction I see when someone reads my work for the first time, is surprise. I always wonder why that is. They go, “Oh my God! I really enjoyed it! It’s amazing!” And I’m like, “Yep!”

    I’ve seen a bunch of reviews in the US, maybe a dozen so far, all saying the same thing: “I’ve never read Jennifer Fallon. This is really good. Why haven’t I read this before?” And it’s actually really frustrating. What was out there that stopped these guys picking up a Jennifer Fallon book? What barrier was there to any of these people reading my book instead of something else? I’d love to know the answer to that…

    This interview first appeared in Aurealis #90.

    Friday, April 28, 2017

    Mass Effect Andromeda - Not what you might expect

    I'm playing Mass Effect Andromeda right now and while there are some similarities with previous ME games, Bioware have continued their trend toward partitioned open-world games which began with Dragon Age Inquisition (still my favourite game to date). The game is much less-linear than ME 1-3, offering literally hundreds of side and optional quests, giving the player more control over the order and manner in which events pan out.

    I'm not gonna lie. It took me a while to get into this game. After the first few hours I didn't really think I was going to enjoy this entry and nearly tossed it in. I'm glad to report I've moved on to happier parts of the game and now am enjoying it much more. I didn't want to write anything about my experience until I'd taken down one of the game's primary bosses (an architect) because I felt it was a little hard to comment until that point.

    Not my character but close enough - female with red hair.
    When I first came upon an architect on the planet Eos, it was a real WTF moment. This megalithic robotic beast springing out of the ground at the conclusion of a relatively minor side-quest was a surprise to say the least. And while I was standing there, like a dumbass, with my jaw dropped to my toes, it basically wasted me with one lash of its orange-ish electro-whatever attack.

    I'll preface what comes next by saying I optimised my character as a biotic, sparing little time for such cumbersome trifles as SMGs, handguns and the like. But after getting similarly wasted several more times I looked online for some advice on how I might at least put up a bit of a fight against the bloody thing. There's a lot of gumph on various sites about biotics being no good against an architect and having to craft some kind of ball-busting sniper rifle (I hate sniper rifles) to even make a dent.

    I didn't want to do any of it, so I simply went off and crafted myself a nifty Sidewinder pistol with a couple of mods and went back with a "no retreat, no surrender" attitude. Rather than being intimidated, this time I set about with a plan. You'll find all kinds of advice online about having to find cover, make the most powerful gun you can, use cloak whenever possible. Don't let the architect spawn its little minions etc...

    Here's what I found. Use whatever guns you like (I used a pretty basic hand pistol), take whoever you like in your team, let the thing spawn if you can't stop it, don't take cover. Most of the architect's attacks go straight through cover. I spent 99% of the battle out in the open. The most important thing by far is to simply use evade constantly and continuously until you get the opportunity to take your shot, then take as many shots as you can.

    That's it. There's something to the idea that biotics aren't that useful, but it's no biggie, so long as you settle in for a long fight and evade in a systematic way (in a circle around the architect). It was actually pretty fun in the end.

    I hope the game continues in the same vein, and steps it up as we go along. For now I'll say I'm liking it - despite the crafting system being a little rudimentary. Probably a better game so far than ME3. Not as good as ME2, but that would be asking a lot. The open-world nature of the game means the narrative isn't nearly as strong as previous entries, but it's all give and take right? Will update as I go.

    Update: I finished this game and ended up bloody loving it. ME Andromeda takes a while to warm up, and the level progression isn't particularly well thought out (I ended up with way more skill points than I knew what to do with) but the story is rewarding and the gameplay (once you get used to it) is pretty fun.

    Wednesday, April 19, 2017

    The Science of Fantasy Mapmaking

    Aurealis #99 is out and it features a discussion between a geologist and a geographer (aka yours truly and the incredible Russell Kirkpatrick) about maps in fantasy novels.

    I really enjoyed writing this article with Russell for several reasons: first, I love maps and used do produce them as part of my job. Second, I like Russell and respect his work, and third, it's a super-interesting topic

    What I didn't realise when I first spoke to Russell about doing a piece together, was the depth of Russell's understanding of the politics and social infrastructure behind the act of creating a map.

    My experience of mapmaking has been limited to:
    1) reproducing my favourite faux-medieval maps from movies and/or books via a combination of pain-staking precision and ad-hoc half-assery; and
    2) the production of geological, geophysical and geochemical maps designed to aid in the discovery of economically viable mineral deposits.

    The two don't naturally go hand-in-hand, but there you go.

    Russell, on the other hand, is a professional and academic map-maker. He gained a PhD in Geography in 1991, and spent the 1990s working on a series of atlas projects, such as the New Zealand Historical Atlas, before going on to lecture on social cartography at university. His first novel was published in in 2003, and he went on to write a whole lot more.

    Russell's thoughts on when a map should, or should not, appear in a novel, on what a map may or may not contain, on what makes a good map, and what constitutes a dismal failure, are some of the most astute I've read. Russell schooled me (in the nicest way) on several points during the process of putting the piece together and I learned a lot through our discussions on several key points.

    In short, if you're writing a fantasy novel and thinking of including a map, you need to read this article and carefully consider Russell's point of view.

    Thursday, March 23, 2017

    Aurealis Celebrates 100 Issues May 2017 with PRINT COPY

    Aurealis - The Magazine of Australian Fantasy and Science Fiction is celebrating its 100th issue in May with a one-time return to print! But that's not the only nod to its roots. Editors Dirk Strasser, Stephen Higgins and Michael Pryor have solicited new fiction from authors appearing in the very first issue, released back in 1990.

    And then there's my interview with Dirk about the evolution of the magazine over the 27 years since its modest launch, plus great editorials and reviews.

    So whether you're new to Aussie speculative fiction, a long-time fan hankering for a stroll down memory lane, or just someone wanting to get their hands on some great genre material, you can pre-order your copy here.

    Monday, February 20, 2017

    Flies in the Soup - Trudi Canavan

    Australian author Trudi Canavan won an Aurealis Award in 1999 with her first published story, Whispers of the Mist Children, and hasn’t looked back. The Black Magician Trilogy, her first fantasy series, garnered international acclaim and she has since written The Age of the Five and the Traitor Spy Trilogy, along with standalone novel The Magician’s Apprentice. Her last five books have been Sunday Times bestsellers in the UK. Following the release of Angel of Storms, the second instalment in her Millennium’s Rule series, Trudi spoke with Chris Large about the new book, her detailed world-building, and the ways in which her technique has been shaped over time by experience and injury. This interview first appeared in Aurealis #87.
    Hi Trudi, welcome to Aurealis. Your storytelling is very direct – written in plain speech with few flourishes or embellishments. Is this style something you work on through the drafting process, or does it come naturally?
    Early on in my writing it was a deliberate choice to write with clarity and pace, but it quickly became second nature. If I want to write in a slower, dense and introspective way I really have to make an effort to do so, and not slip back into my ‘normal’ voice. I can manage it for short stories, but ultimately I prefer to write the way I do, so I stick with it for novels.
    I’m intrigued by the history of your new book, Angel of Storms, and the Millennium’s Rule series. You’ve said you originally came up with the idea in the 90s. Can you tell us a little about that and why the story wasn’t developed back then?
    The writing advice I’d been given in my teens and 20s was not to wait until I’d heard back from publishers, but get on with my next book. While The Magicians’ Guild was in publisher inboxes I wrote the first incarnation of Angel of Storms. The advice I’d had also said that an author’s first book doesn’t usually find a publisher, so I ‘stole’ some of what I thought were the best parts of the Black Magician Trilogy [for Angel of Storms]. As it turned out, my first book did find a publisher, and that left me with a finished book that might be too similar. Also, the feedback from beta readers for Angel of Storms suggested that it wasn’t quite working, though nobody could tell me why. I figured it needed to go in the bottom drawer for a while.
    Over the years I’d think about Angel of Storms and consider how I could change it to remove the ‘stolen’ parts. When I was nearing the end of writing the Traitor Spy Trilogy I had a closer look, and began tweaking and adding to the general concept. With more experience in shaping stories and characters under my belt, I was better able to translate the feedback I’d been given. I realised the borrowed idea from the Black Magician Trilogy I was most worried about wasn’t that similar after all. I’d taken the idea in an entirely different direction. Other similarities were easy to remove or tweak. Even so, it took two rounds of writing up a proposal and submitting it to the publisher before I was satisfied with it.
    You’ve structured the story so that there are both male and female protagonists who are basically the heroes of their own stories, and it feels as though you’ve been quite careful to give them equal exposure. What’s the purpose behind the symmetry?
    Tyen’s story initially came to me as a separate book idea, but because I was working on a proposal for a reshaped Angel of Storms at the time, it was almost inevitable that I would consider melding the two together. They suited each other perfectly. But the blend would only work if the characters had equal weight.
    In particular, I liked the contrast between the characters and their worlds – Rielle is a spiritual, artistic person, Tyen’s outlook is shaped by reason and science. Tyen and Rielle are also similar, but in ways that naturally become obvious when they are taken out of the environment they grew up in, just as two people from different countries have being foreign travellers in common, when they meet elsewhere. That shift from difference to similarity fascinates me. Like when you know two similar-looking people, they seem more like each other when you see them separately, but when they’re together all you can see are the differences.
    What also appealed was that nobody could say ‘this is a boy book’ or ‘this is a girl book’ based entirely on the gender of the main characters. It’s been interesting to ask readers who they like most, or note which of the characters reviewers prefer, because it’s been pretty even and I can never predict which one reviewers will like.
    Tyen’s is an action-packed tale, while Rielle’s begins as a gentle coming of age story which slowly becomes darker. The link between the two isn’t clear in the first book. Was that a risk, writing parallel stories with no apparent connectivity for an entire book?
    All plot decisions are a risk! Either you’re doing what’s been done before and risk the reader spotting and disliking that, or you’re doing something different and risk that they won’t like or understand it. Having the two characters lead separate lives has turned out to be a great source of tension. The most common question I’m asked is ‘will they meet?’ (Followed by ‘will they get together?’). If their stories did not relate very much I think it would be a problem, but each character’s story informs the other’s, in ways that can give the reader greater insight into what’s going on than either character has.
    The series is titled Millennium’s Rule, but we don’t really discover what this refers to until the end of book one. You hold back the true nature of your universe and the direction of the story until much later than is traditional. What are the benefits of this approach?
    I’m always looking for ways to hold the reader’s interest throughout a series. One of those is to reveal truths about the world (or universe, in this case) only when they have the best effect. Laying out everything right at the start means there’s nothing new to discover. If you are to avoid second book syndrome then each continuing book in a series must raise the stakes or turn what the reader knows on its head. And no matter how good the earlier books, if the last one in a series is a fizzer that’s what it’ll be remembered for.
    Your world building is very detailed – especially with regard to magic and how it works. It must be a fine line between describing something in so much detail that you remove its mystique, and giving just enough to keep readers interested. How do you make that judgement?
    I tell my readers only what they need to know, plus a little extra so it’s not too obvious when I’m telling them something that will turn out to be vital later. When I show the reader how magic works, I give examples to make it clear, but I like to leave some questions unanswered. I leave it up to them to work out how what they just learned will apply in other situations. I have to be careful, however, to make sure I don’t give away so much that the ending becomes obvious.
    Millennium’s Rule, the idea that a powerful sorcerer or ‘Ruler of Worlds’ is replaced every one thousand years by a more powerful successor, refers to a pattern, or a type of periodicity. It’s not clear in the story if this is predestined or due to circumstance. Empires have risen and fallen in our world’s history. Researchers suggest there is a documentable progression. Is that something you considered when world-building the series?
    The Rule has been a fun way to play with the fantasy trope of prophecy. I like playing with the unreliability of history, too, and how some ideas about it become pervasive, whether they are wrong, or have a grain of truth in it. While the possibility that civilisations have a predictable life-cycle is not what I’m exploring here, because the Rule is about one person who could have ruled many empires, I am touching on something similar: does a person’s lifespan have a predictable path if it lasts for a very long time?
    The Raen is a very interesting character. Can you tell us a little about what inspired you to portray him the way you did. He’s certainly not a classic villain – if he is a villain at all.
    I like writing ‘grey’ characters. The Raen is very much a ruler, capable of the ruthlessness and compromise that a position of great power requires. Of course, it’s not clear what his motives are. Revealing glimpses and sowing doubts is all part of keeping the story going. 
    You’ve blogged musical playlists of tracks readers can listen to while reading the books including bands like Pendulum, Enigma, Moby, and Depeche Mode. How does music influence your writing process?
    I used to listen to music while writing all the time. Mostly it was to set a mood, but occasionally a song comes along that seems to say all the right things about a character or scene. But for the last few series I got out of the habit. Mostly, I think, because the CD would finish and I’d never get around to putting on another. Discovering playlists in iTunes a couple of years ago turned that around. (Yes, I was slow on the uptake with that one). Now I can have hours of music lined up.
    You’ve discussed the fact that you suffer from RSI in other forums. Writing isn’t really thought of as a physical activity but writers can suffer injuries from their craft. How does RSI impact your output?
    I used to be able to write 4,000 to 5,000 words a day, five days a week. Now I’m happy if I manage 2,000. I can only write four days in a row when my hands aren’t inflamed. At the same time, I have to take care not to strain my back, too. I’ve had upper back and neck problems since I was in my late 20s. Lots of breaks are essential, as well as stretches and icing my hands when they get sore.
    What are your work arounds?
    I’ve become far more efficient at writing. I’ve always been a plotter and outliner, but now I go to even greater extremes in planning to make sure I don’t write any more words than I have to. I even write a short outline of a scene before I write it, so that I know I’m going in the right direction. There will always be some rewriting and tweaking of course, but planning means I don’t waste too many taps on the keyboard.
    I tried dictation software, but you have to do so much editing later. The fingers that give me the most grief are those I use in editing, so the software is only going to make that worse. It’s another reason to plot carefully, too. These work arounds haven't prevented my output slowing down, just not as much as it might have, and yet there is a benefit to writing more efficiently yet taking longer - I have more time to think about the story, and that is always good for it. After all, despite all the begging to write faster, readers know a slowly-written good book is better than a quickly-written bad book.

    Tuesday, December 20, 2016

    Old for New - Story in a Super Anthology

    Sold my third superhero story a few weeks back to Meerkat Press! Their anthology, Behind the Mask, is scheduled for publication in May 2017 and will contain my story: Salt City Blue. I didn't write this piece specifically for the submission call but it is a very good fit. 

    The website blurb goes something like this:

    We’ve got stories about heroes and villains and sidekicks-in-training, with action, heroics and, yes, Spandex of almost every shape, size and color. But what captivated us most in each of these stories was the depth of the characters. The collection, which follows extraordinary individuals as they face ordinary challenges—celebrates the superhero genre but manages to push its boundaries as well.

    There are some fantastic authors involved in this project, including:

    Kelly Link
    Cat Rambo
    Seanan McGuire
    Lavie Tidhar
    Carrie Vaughn
    Sarah Pinsker

    Check out the full line-up here.

    Sunday, December 4, 2016

    Flies In The Soup: Ann Leckie

    An Interview with Ann Leckie

    By Chris Large (First Appeared in Aurealis #86)

    Ann Leckie has worked as a waitress, a receptionist, a lunch lady and a recording engineer. She also happens to be the author of a little book called Ancillary Justice, which won not only a Hugo, but a Nebula and an Arthur C. Clarke Award as well. In 2014, her second book, Ancillary Sword was met with equal praise. Now, with the release of the third instalment in her Imperial Radch series, Ancillary Mercy, Ann speaks with Chris Large about perspective, the value of a good cup of tea, and most importantly of all, those pesky Presger and why we don’t see more of them.

    Hello Ann, and welcome to Aurealis. It’s great to have you here.

    Thanks! I'm glad to be here!

    As a thought exercise, the lack of gender cues in your Imperial Radch series can be a difficult concept to deal with at first. How have you found reader’s reactions to this device?

    I have been really surprised at some reactions, and have come to see it as a kind of Rorschach test. Some people read it as the Radch being somehow femininely oriented, some have read it as a book entirely about women, and some have claimed to know what genders various characters are. I think my favourite was a reviewer who said that they could tell that all the romantic/sexual pairings were heterosexual. I still kind of wonder how they could manage that. But hey, once a book is out there, that interaction between the book and the reader is its own thing, and not something I need to get in the middle of, right?

    It's been really, really interesting, though, to see the variety of reactions to the way I handled gender.

    I’ll interpret that as in invitation to share. Reading your first book Ancillary Justice hurt my brain a little in the beginning, as I found myself unconsciously searching for indicators of gender and for visual quirks in order to identify various characters. It took me a while to come to terms with the fact that few would be forthcoming. Once I managed to get over it, I think the mystery increased my enjoyment of the book. Is this a common reaction?

    I think it is! It's one I've seen a fair amount. And it makes sense--we're so used to assigning gender to people on the instant, and to assuming a certain set of characteristics go with a given gender, that we don't really  notice it until it's made obvious. I've found it really interesting how difficult it is for some readers to picture characters without knowing their gender--I don’t describe characters any less than I have in these books than, say, my short fiction, but I never got that complaint about my short fiction. I find that really interesting. Definitely something to think about.

    In Ancillary Mercy Breq (who was once a segment of an AI) consciously limits her ability to draw upon the vast amounts of information Mercy of Kalr can provide her, but for much of the previous novels she makes full use of her capacity to examine situations from all angles. It must be difficult to catch every facet Breq might be exposed to. How do you address the issue of perspective as an author?

    That very issue paralyzed me for a long time. How to convey that kind of point of view? That would have to be a flood of information, and how could I possibly write that? Eventually I decided that I didn't actually have to do that. No fiction really tells you everything--it just tells you what you need to know to understand the story. So I settled on conveying just what I needed to for the reader to (I hoped) get the effect I was after. But I did still have to work very carefully--I wanted it to be consistent, and believable. I mean, to the extent that a being like Breq is believable to begin with!

    Okay, I’m gonna have to ask this question. I love your books, but what is it with tea? Is it just the obvious historical connection with brewed beverage-sipping imperials, or is there more to it than that? Because if I drank even half the amount of tea Breq consumed in a day, I’d spend a heck of a lot of time in the bathroom.

    What, don't you like tea?

    Well, I’m a coffee drinker myself but I don’t mind the odd cup of camomile at the end of the day.

    I'm kidding. Yes, tea does in fact contain compounds that will make you have to pee, more than if you just drank the same amount of water. I've heard it said it's the caffeine, but honestly I think the effect is much stronger with tea than with coffee, and coffee generally has way more caffeine. I'm pretty sure theobromine is a suspect here too.

    But I also suspect there's some acclimation involved – that is, if you drink a lot of tea and/or coffee every day the effects aren't so noticeable. Here in the US, some folks drink a pretty spectacular amount of iced tea, particularly in the summer, and seem to do okay. And to be honest, I drink about half the amount of tea Breq consumes in a day! And I do not spend all that much time in the bathroom.  Heck, I might drink more, considering I generally use a mug that holds 18 or 20 fluid ounces (US), generally fill it with 14-16 ounces at a go, and often have two or three mugs of tea a day. Partly I drink as much as I do because, yes, I drink iced tea in the summer (on top of that first couple cups of hot tea in the morning). But also, I bought a lot of different kinds of tea during the process of researching for Sword, and if I only had one cup a day the Sun would die of old age before I cut my inventory down to manageable levels.

    But I don't think Breq is drinking half-litre mugs of tea. She's drinking bowls of tea--much smaller than my favourite big mug with the squid on it.

    There are also some contexts in which consumption of lots of caffeine is just part of how you do things. I remember touring an old (WW2) aircraft carrier and at one point in, I think, Navigation, the tour guide said something like, "Now behind me is the most important part of all of this," and it was, of course, the equipment for making coffee.

    The tea in the story doesn't come so much from its connection with Earth Imperialist history as it does from CJ Cherryh's Foreigner books. It began as a deliberate nod to those books, though of course its taken on a life of its own in the context of the Radch.

    I honestly didn’t think we’d end up comparing peeing habits in this interview, but I guess since I asked the question, I should be prepared for the answer! So, keeping on-topic, have you thought of marketing a Daughter of Fishes tea brand? It would be fantastic to sip on a hot cup of Fishes while reading the books…

    I have thought of it! It would be awesome. But I'm not sure I'd know where to start. And the currently existing equivalent teas are the sorts that already have their own names and histories, and my blanking that out to add my own fictional ones seems weird to me.

    There are Ancillary themed teas in existence, though! Adagio teas ( lets you make custom blends from a pre-set list of available ingredients, and then lets you share links to your blends so other people can buy them. There's a long, long list of fan-inspired teas there! And I made some for Imperial Radch, just because once I knew I could, I had to. I think shipping outside the US is pretty expensive, though.

    I laughed out loud at Presger Translator Zeiat’s antics in Ancillary Mercy. Not only was Zeiat hilarious at times, she also brought a separate, and novel perspective to the book. Can you tell us a little about your approach to her and to the Presger in general?

    Hah, I'm glad you liked Translator Zeiat! I enjoyed writing Dlique so much, and was so sad when I realized she couldn't be onstage long. I consoled myself with the future arrival of Zeiat.

    The Presger probably wouldn't retain their mystery or remain convincingly threatening if I brought them onstage, or explained too much about them. So the Presger Translators are intermediaries that let me show the reader aliens while still keeping them sort of human-seeming. And I wanted the Presger Translators to be off-kilter in a way that could be amusing or threatening, depending. Once I'd decided that, I figured I also wanted to have as much fun with them as I could.

    Ancillary Mercy answers many questions, but leaves some fairly important issues unresolved. Clearly this is deliberate, but is it deliberate in the “Oh, well, life goes on and not everything has an end,” sense? Or are you leaving a few doors open for later exploration?

    In terms of intention, it's meant in a "life goes on" sort of way. It is remarkably convenient, though, no? And this universe is large enough that there's plenty of room for nearly anything I'd like to do in the future, while I still take advantage of all the construction work I've already done.

    Now that Ancillary Mercy is out and Breq’s story has been told, is Ann Leckie taking a well-earned rest? Or do you have another project that’s been simmering away in the background to be getting on with?

    I'm under contract for two more books. They won't be Breq books--as you've noted, Mercy closes that story out. But they'll certainly be set somewhere in that same universe. Like I said, there's lots of room there to play.

    I'm in the planning stages of that next book now, and hopefully I'll start writing it soon. I also hope to be able to do a few short fiction pieces, just because I haven't in a while and short fiction is a lot of fun.


    Thursday, September 29, 2016

    Flies in the Soup: Thoraiya Dyer

    Interview: Thoraiya Dyer

    By Chris Large

    Australian author Thoraiya Dyer spoke with me about her award-winning short story Wine, Women and Stars, her recent three book deal with Tor, the purpose of writing awards, and her no-holes-barred determination to put words to page. This interview first appeared in Aurealis #84.

    Welcome back to Aurealis Thoraiya, and a huge congratulations on winning your third Aurealis Award at the 2015 ceremony. You now have two awards for fantasy and a third for science fiction. In your own words you were ‘a bit weepy’ when you accepted the 2015 gong. What does it mean to you to win awards for your writing?

    I guess it depends on how confident you’re feeling in your skills at the time. I’ve been writing short fiction for a while now but also, in the background, I’ve been writing novels. The reason I was so weepy about that particular award was because last year my husband lost his job and the bank took our house, so we were forced to move.

    It was all very traumatic and I was asking myself, “What am I doing?” I was thinking, “I should be working as a veterinarian. I should be making money and contributing to the household budget.” I was at the point where I was about to chuck it all in and that’s why I was so emotional about winning that award. I’d been asking myself every day, “Is it time to stop this now? Is it ever going to make any money for me?”

    What I said in my acceptance speech was a repetition of something Gillian Polack had said to me on a previous occasion: “We give these out so you don’t quit.” And that’s exactly what those short fiction awards have done for me. They’ve kept me going. I haven’t quit. And now I’ve finally sold a novel!

    That’s right! Good things have come your way. But when you sit down to write a story like Wine, Women and Stars, you’re not thinking about winning an award or a novel deal. What is your process for writing short fiction?

    It usually starts in science magazines and online articles. I think for that particular story I’d been reading about solid metal fuel in cars and I thought “Wow! Wouldn’t it be cool if you could put that into a human?” I didn’t write that one to spec. It’s different when you see submission guidelines for Defying Doomsday or something and you think, “What’s a really good disability story I could write to do with the apocalypse?” or whatever the guidelines are. I didn’t think about where I was going to send Wine, Women and Stars until after it was done.

    It’s interesting that you’ve talked about Wine, Women and Stars in terms of the science of altering somebody’s physiology in order to accommodate space travel, because that’s not what I took away from the story at all. I recall a woman at the top of her game who comes to an understanding that her lifelong ambition of travelling to the stars will not come to fruition and who, over the course of the story, embarks upon a far more personal journey.

    Yeah, well, if you can take a good idea that’s been in your head for a while that’s a plot idea and mash that in with a character or motivation that’s been percolating, that can make a great story.

    In this case I wanted to convey the idea that you can be the best that you can be at something, but external factors like your age, or the situation, or just the luck of the draw are going to have a strong influence on how your life turns out.

    Obviously you’ve had a lot of success with your writing. Do you feel that women writing in the science fiction and fantasy field in Australia face barriers to having their voices heard? 

    I was very lucky to have entered the field at a time when the gender imbalance was being addressed. I think if I’d started writing twenty years ago it might have been a different story.

    My first piece of short fiction was published in 2008 and within eighteen months of that I’d had an invitation to have a collection published with an excellent Australian small press. But the reason that Twelfth Planet Press was releasing those collections in the first place was to correct a historical imbalance. It was lucky for me but there were other women who had collections come out in that series who’d been writing for thirty years, so their experience would be very different to mine.

    Have there been barriers for me? Particularly with fantasy, I don’t think there have been any at all. I do wonder sometimes about the gap between succeeding with my short fantasy fiction and succeeding with my short science fiction but there’s so little science fiction being published in Australia right now, the sample size is difficult to gauge.

    You’ve recently been offered a fantastic three-book deal with Tor for a series called Titans Forest. I can only imagine the jealousy of your writing peers. I don’t even write novels and I’m jealous as hell.

    Well, not writing novels is a bit of a hindrance to getting a book deal.

    So I have no reason whatsoever to feel jealous but I am anyway. What will this deal mean for you and for your writing career?

    What it means is that I can keep writing for a start. Like I said, I was that close to throwing it all in. This means I can pay off some pretty serious bills. No one’s going to come repossess my car. That is a very important outcome for me. Apart from all that it’s my dream come true. I’ve been going to Galaxy Bookshop in Sydney since I was a teenager and making a little space on the shelf and saying, “That’s where my books will be one day.”

    That turned out to be the wrong spot since I got married and changed my name, BUT I’ve always wanted to be a writer. I stopped for a while when people said to me, “You’re gonna need a ‘real’ job to fall back on.” So I got my veterinary degree. But good things come to those who wait. I have written many, many novels. This is not my first by a long shot.

    I first heard the deal was going to happen a while back when I was visiting my aunt in the Blue Mountains. My agent had been updating me on progress with the negotiations by email. So I woke up and checked my email one morning and YES!

    Of course I needed someone there with me who knew who Tor was, because I’m just like, “I GOT A DEAL WITH TOR!” But my aunt, she doesn’t know. She doesn’t read science fiction or fantasy so I rang my husband and told him and he was excited for me.

    And how instrumental was your agent at Ethan Ellenberg Literary Agency in securing the deal?

    My agent there is Evan Gregory. He’s been doing this for a while now so he’s a little more blasé than me I think.  Two of the books he put on submission for me were not bought, so I’m grateful to him for sticking with me.

    Can you give us some idea of what we can expect from this trilogy?

    Okay, so there’s just this really big forest. Think your average rainforest with trees averaging around forty metres and increase that to hundreds of metres tall. There are people living in the canopy of this forest in a mighty city with a pantheon of gods. They don’t really know what’s below. Nobody goes down there.
    I wanted to have an ‘East meets West’ feel to it. I also had the Hanging Gardens of Babylon in mind when I was world-building the city. The gods can be reincarnated into human bodies so your body could be inhabited by a god and you’d be in charge of the birds, or the wind, or whatever you’re the god of, and your job is also to maintain this invisible barrier which prevents the demons rising up from below.

    So the character I will introduce readers to in the first book is Unar. Her sister has fallen down there so Unar’s quest to find out what’s going on below is basically my first book. And the Titans themselves… I’m going to be a little secretive about them until about book three.

    I know for a fact you love to work as much real-world science as possible into your science fiction world-building. Do you take a similar approach to your fantasy worlds? Or will you embrace the freedom fantasy writing presents and create wildly imagined environments and societies?

    I’m a bit picky that way. I get really annoyed if I’m reading a fantasy novel and the ecosystem doesn’t make sense. I really struggled with this book to make it more fun and less pedantic. So ordinarily if I saw...I don’t know… quolls and cats in the same book, I’d say, “That’s ridiculous. They fill the same ecological niche.”  So with my rainforest story I’ve just tried to chuck that control freakiness out the window and put all the fun things in together and not worry too much about whether they would all occur in nature in the same world.

    Right now you’re talking about your book in the singular. How much of the series have you written to date?

    I have written one book. I have something like ten months each to write the second and third instalments which is great because that’s about how long it takes me. I don’t have a release date yet so I’m not sure what the plan is there.

    I don’t know a lot of details. I’m still in the happy, floaty world of, “Oh, it’s going to come out sometime… It’ll have a cover…” But in reality I don’t know anything yet.

     You’re joking about the cover right now but a cover is almost as important as the writing. When a book’s sitting on a shelf, often all anyone has to go on is the cover.

    Ah, yes, but have you ever seen a bad cover on a Tor book?

    …Actually no.

    I’ve seen bad covers but I don’t think I’ve seen any bad covers on Tor books. I feel I can trust them with that.

    Very good point. Now you said earlier that you write your short stories and novel-length manuscripts concurrently. Will that continue now that there’s actual money on the table?

    I’ve never had a real deadline before so I’m a bit scared about that. I probably won’t write any more short fiction until I have books two and three at least drafted. My normal pattern is to write the first draft of a novel, then put it away and write short stories for a month. Then I’ll take the novel out and do another draft and put it away again. I usually do about three drafts before sending it to my agent.

    I don’t have any short stories left in the draws but some of the stories I’ve sold just in the last few months are not due out for another year or two so you might not notice much of a difference. But for now time management is definitely an issue. When I was working as a vet, I was working 7am to 7pm shifts sometimes and doing emergency after-hours work. It took me five years to write one novel when I was working like that. I’d take a week off when I could and go hide in the Blue Mountains with my aunt and I’d go for it, so it can be done. But it’s just so lovely of my husband to support me and allow me to write a novel in ten months rather than five years.